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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament avulsion fractures in operatively treated ankle fractures: a retrospective analysis

Patient characteristics total (n = 252) No AITFL avulsion fracture (n = 187) AITFL avulsion fracture (n = 65)  
Mean age (years) 43.4 (SD 15.2) 49.4 (SD 18.0) p = 0.93
Sex p = 0.167
 Male 102 (54.5%) 29 (44.6%)  
 Female 85 (45.5%) 36 (55.4%)  
Side of ankle fracture p = 0.789
 Left 77 (41.2%) 28 (43.1%)  
 Right 110 (58.8%) 37 (56.9%)  
History of DM 12 (6.5%) 2 (3.1%) p = 0.318
History of CVD 26 (14%) 12 (18.5%) p = 0.359
History of smoking 46 (24.6%) 12 (18.5%) p = 0.752
Mean packyears (years) 20.1 (SD 12.7) 35.0 (17.3) p = 0.803
ASA classification p = 0.462
 1 and 2 168 (89.8%) 60 (92.3%)  
 3 and 4 7 (3.7%) 4 (6.2%)  
 Missing 12 (6.4%) 1 (1.5%)