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The preoperative incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its correlation with postoperative DVT in patients undergoing elective surgery for femoral neck fractures

  • Hip Arthroplasty
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Data on the incidence of preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients, who are waiting for elective hip replacement for femoral neck fractures, are limited. Our primary goal was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of preoperative DVT in acute hip fracture patients awaiting hemi- or total hip arthroplasty using venography. The secondary objective was to find a possible relationship between preoperative and postoperative DVT.


We enrolled 119 consecutive patients with subcapital femoral neck fracture, who were awaiting hip replacement at our institution. All of them received venography before and after surgery. We used univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify the risk factors for preoperative DVT.


Of the patients, 35 patients (29.4 %) developed DVT in affected limbs before surgery. Both long duration of immobilization and increased level of d-dimer were associated with preoperative DVT independently. Intriguingly, 66.7 % of patients who were diagnosed with DVT after surgery had thrombus in the same location, as they did before surgery.


We identified the high incidence and risk factors of preoperative DVT in patients awaiting elective surgery for femoral neck fractures. The majority of patients diagnosed with DVT postoperatively had already had thrombus before surgery.

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This study was supported by grants from the National Natural Sciences of China (No. 30973046), China National Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists (No. 81125013), and the Assessment of the Safety and Effect after Major Arthroplasty (No. 201302007).

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Correspondence to Minghao Zheng or Qing Jiang.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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K. Song and Y. Yao contributed equally to this manuscript.

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Song, K., Yao, Y., Rong, Z. et al. The preoperative incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its correlation with postoperative DVT in patients undergoing elective surgery for femoral neck fractures. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 136, 1459–1464 (2016).

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