Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery

, Volume 136, Issue 5, pp 673–680 | Cite as

Incidence, location and classification of glenoid labrum meniscoid folds

  • Konstantinos Natsis
  • Georgios A. KonstantinidisEmail author
  • Ulf G. Moebius
  • Nikolaos Anastasopoulos
  • Trifon Totlis
Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine



The purpose of the present study was to arthroscopically investigate the incidence and location of labral meniscoid folds of the shoulder joint, as well as to classify them into types and detect any possible correlation with gender, side and age of patients.

Materials and methods

The shoulder joint of 59 patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery for different reasons was examined for meniscoid folds. We classified all meniscoid folds into slim or thick and large or small. The location and area of labral folds were assessed according to o’clock position and were defined by the center of the fold.


The incidence of labral meniscoid folds in shoulder joint was 62.7 %. Meniscoid folds were more frequently found at 2-o’clock position in right shoulders and at 10-o’clock position in left shoulders. Most of them were located in anterior and superior rim of labrum. Statistically significant difference (p = 0.018) was only detected between location of meniscoid folds and gender. In male patients meniscoid folds were mostly located in a more anterior position than women, whose meniscoid folds were found more superiorly. Older patients presented a higher rate of meniscoid folds.


Meniscoid folds are quite common in shoulder joint. Labral meniscoid folds are located more often at an anterosuperior position of shoulder joints and their incidence tends to be higher in older patients, while in male ones they are located in a more anterior position in comparison to female patients where they are located more superiorly.


Labum Labral folds Meniscoid folds Anatomic variation 


Compliance with ethical standards


This paper received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konstantinos Natsis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Georgios A. Konstantinidis
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ulf G. Moebius
    • 2
  • Nikolaos Anastasopoulos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Trifon Totlis
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Anatomy, School of MedicineAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Interbalkan Medical CenterThessalonikiGreece

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