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Comparative study of the closed reduction percutaneous cannulated screw fixation and open reduction palmar locking plate fixation in the treatment of AO type A2 distal radius fractures

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Abstract

Introduction

The present study was designed to demonstrate the efficacy of standard 4.0 mm cannulated screw fixation by comparing it with palmar locking plate fixation in the treatment of acute, unstable, simple extra-articular distal radius fractures.

Materials and methods

We prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed outcomes data for 65 patients aged between 18 and 60 with AO type A2 fractures treated with closed reduction, percutaneous cannulated screw fixation (CRPCS n = 34) or open reduction palmar locking plate fixation (ORPLP n = 31). Range of motion, grip strength, Gartland–Werley and QuickDASH scores were compared at 2 months after surgery, and final follow-up (mean 32 months, range 12–90). Deterioration in radiographic parameters were measured and compared. Operative time and return to preinjury activity were evaluated.

Results

Parameters did not differ significantly between the groups at either time point with respect to grip strength or range of motion, except pronation and supination; they were better in the CRPCS group (p = 0.005 and 0.025, respectively) at 2 month follow-up. The Gartland–Werley and QuickDASH scores obtained at final follow-up were similar for each group and lacked statistical significance. Group comparison for the deterioration of radiologic parameters showed no significant difference. CRPCS group had significantly shorter operative time (p = 0.001) and there was no significant differences between the groups regarding the return to preinjury activity (p = 0.129).

Conclusions

CRPCS group was found to be as successful as ORPLP group and it may be suitable in the case of young, active individuals with AO type A2 distal radius fractures.

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Acknowledgments

No funds were received in support of this study.

Conflict of interest

All the authors hereby declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

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Correspondence to Arel Gereli.

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Gereli, A., Nalbantoglu, U., Kocaoglu, B. et al. Comparative study of the closed reduction percutaneous cannulated screw fixation and open reduction palmar locking plate fixation in the treatment of AO type A2 distal radius fractures. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 134, 121–129 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-013-1866-7

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