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Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery

, Volume 131, Issue 2, pp 235–239 | Cite as

Anatomical considerations of the internal iliac artery in association with the ilioinguinal approach for anterior acetabular fracture fixation

  • Nakul Karkare
  • Richard A. Yeasting
  • Nabil A. Ebraheim
  • Norman Espinosa
  • Max J. Scheyerer
  • Clément M. L. WernerEmail author
Trauma Surgery

Abstract

Introduction

Vascular injury may be encountered during an anterior approach to the pelvis or acetabulum—be it due to hematoma decompression, clot dislodgement during fracture manipulation, or iatrogenic. This can be associated with significant bleeding, hemodynamic instability, and subsequent morbidity. If the exact source of bleeding cannot be easily identified, compression of the internal iliac artery may be a lifesaving procedure.

Materials and methods

We describe an extension of the lateral window of the ilioinguinal (or Olerud) approach elaborated on cadavers.

Results

The approach allows emergent access the internal iliac artery and intraoperative cross-clamping of the internal iliac vessels to control bleeding.

Conclusion

The approach allows rapid access to the internal iliac artery. The surgeon should be familiar, however, with the surgical anatomy of this region to avoid potential injury to the ureter, peritoneum, lymphatics, and sympathetic nerves overlying the vessels when using the approach described.

Keywords

Ilioinguinal approach Acetabulum Pelvic ring Bleeding Complication 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nakul Karkare
    • 1
  • Richard A. Yeasting
    • 2
  • Nabil A. Ebraheim
    • 1
  • Norman Espinosa
    • 3
  • Max J. Scheyerer
    • 3
  • Clément M. L. Werner
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryMedical College of OhioToledoUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnatomyMedical College of OhioToledoUSA
  3. 3.Department of OrthopaedicsUniversity of Zurich, Uniklinik BalgristZurichSwitzerland

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