Multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor of the cerebrum is a clonal neoplasm defined by genetic alterations that activate the MAP kinase signaling pathway
B.C.B. is supported by an NCI Outstanding Investigator Award (R35 CA220481). D.A.S. is supported by NIH Director’s Early Independence Award (DP5 OD021403) and the UCSF Physician-Scientist Scholar Program. We thank the UCSF Brain Tumor Research Center (supported by NIH SPORE Grant P50 CA097257) for assistance with phospho-ERK immunohistochemistry.
Compliance with ethical standards
This study was approved by the Committee on Human Research of the University of California, San Francisco, with a waiver of patient consent.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests related to this study.
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