Acta Neuropathologica

, Volume 134, Issue 4, pp 517–520 | Cite as

Grading of diffuse astrocytic gliomas: Broders, Kernohan, Zülch, the WHO… and Shakespeare

Viewpoint

References

  1. 1.
    Burger PC, Vogel FS, Green SB, Strike TA (1985) Glioblastoma multiforme and anaplastic astrocytoma, pathologic criteria and prognostic implications. Cancer 56:1106–1111CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fields W (1989) Primary brain tumors: a review of histological classification. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kernohan JW, Mabon RF, Svien HJ, Adson AW (1949) A simplified classification of gliomas. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clin 24:71–75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Louis D, Ohgaki H, Wiestler O, Cavenee WK (2016) World Health Organization classification of tumours of the central nervous system. Revised 4th edition IARC, LyonGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Louis DN, Aldape K, Brat DJ et al (2017) Announcing cIMPACT-NOW: the consortium to inform molecular and practical approaches to CNS tumor taxonomy. Acta Neuropathol 133:1–3CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Louis DN, Aldape K, Brat DJ et al (2016) cIMPACT-NOW (the consortium to inform molecular and practical approaches to CNS tumor taxonomy): a new initiative in advancing nervous system tumor classification. Brain Pathol. doi:10.1111/bpa.12457 PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Louis DN, Perry A, Burger P et al (2014) International Society of Neuropathology-Haarlem consensus guidelines, for nervous system tumor classification and grading. Brain Pathol 24:429–435CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Louis DN, Perry A, Reifenberger G et al (2016) The 2016 World Health Organization Classification of tumors of the central nervous system: a summary. Acta Neuropathol 131:803–820CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Olar A, Wani KM, Alfaro-Munoz KD et al (2015) IDH mutation status and role of WHO grade and mitotic index in overall survival in grade II–III diffuse gliomas. Acta Neuropathol 129:585–596CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ringertz N (1950) Grading of gliomas. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand 27:51–64CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    von Deimling A, Ono T, Shirahata M, Louis DN (submitted) Grading of diffuse astrocytic gliomas: a review of studies before and after the advent of IDH testing. Semin Neurol (in press)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wright JR Jr (2012) Albert C. Broders’ paradigm shifts involving the prognostication and definition of cancer. Arch Pathol Lab Med 136:1437–1446CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zülch KJ (1986) Brain tumors. Their biology and pathology. 3rd edn. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PathologyMassachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neuropathology, Institute of PathologyRuprecht-Karls-UniversityHeidelbergGermany
  3. 3.Clinical Cooperation Unit NeuropathologyGerman Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and German Cancer Consortium (DKTK)HeidelbergGermany

Personalised recommendations