Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 297, Issue 2, pp 213–224 | Cite as

Study on dispersion of reduced graphene oxide on physical performance of Polyvinylidene fluoride composites by Hansen solubility parameters

  • Weihui Zhu
  • Jing MaEmail author
  • Xi Nan
  • Patrick Osei Lartey
  • Yongzhen Yang
Original Contribution


Poor dispersion of graphene in solvents and polymers remains a critical obstacle in practical application of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) composite which loading graphene as filler. In order to inhibit the aggregation of reduced graphene oxide (RGO), two dispersants, polyimide (PI) and polyaniline (PANI), were used to modify RGO via in situ polymerization. The functionalization of reduced graphene oxide was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) theory was an effective way to investigate the compatibility of reduced graphene oxide in various solvents and polymers. Light optical microscope was employed to evaluate actual dispersion of functionalized RGO within the PVDF matrix. From the practical consideration, the dielectric and dynamic mechanical properties of PVDF and the composites were tested by dielectric impedance spectrometer and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), which illustrated the dispersion of reduced graphene oxide in poly(vinylidene fluoride) was closely related to physical performance of composites.

Graphical abstract


Reduced graphene oxide Functionalization Dispersion Hansen solubility parameters Dielectric properties 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by a grant from “Research Project Supported by Shanxi Scholarship Council of China” (Grant No. 2015-035) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1607120, U1710117, U1610255).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weihui Zhu
    • 1
  • Jing Ma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xi Nan
    • 1
  • Patrick Osei Lartey
    • 1
  • Yongzhen Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Material Science and EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina

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