Impact of non-ionic surfactant chemical structure on morphology and stability of polystyrene nanocomposite latex
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Polystyrene (PS) colloid particles in presence of non-ionic surfactant-modified clay particles were prepared by the free-radical polymerization of styrene monomers in emulsion. Three different types of non-ionic surfactants, sorbitan monopalmitate (Span®40), polyethylene glycol octadecyl ether (Brij®S10), and polyoxyethylene (9) nonylphenylether (Igepal®Co-630) were used for the preparation of surfactant-modified clay. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy studies showed that few colloid PS particles with clay mineral layers at the surface were obtained; the particle sizes were observed to be in the micrometer size range, and stable dispersions were obtained when Span®40 and Igepal®Co-630 modified clay minerals were used as stabilizers. The clay mineral particles were observed to be mostly encapsulated by PS latex particles, and a typical morphology was observed when Brij®S10-modified clay was used as a stabilizer. This strategy can be applied to develop stable polymer latex particles via emulsion polymerization.
KeywordsNon-ionic surfactants chemical structure Nanoclay particles Pickering emulsion Polystyrene nanocomposite latex
The authors would like to thank the CSIR, DST, and NRF, South Africa, for their financial support.
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