Basic Research in Cardiology

, Volume 106, Issue 1, pp 13–23 | Cite as

MicroRNA signatures in total peripheral blood as novel biomarkers for acute myocardial infarction

  • Benjamin Meder
  • Andreas Keller
  • Britta Vogel
  • Jan Haas
  • Farbod Sedaghat-Hamedani
  • Elham Kayvanpour
  • Steffen Just
  • Anne Borries
  • Jessica Rudloff
  • Petra Leidinger
  • Eckart Meese
  • Hugo A. Katus
  • Wolfgang Rottbauer
Original Contribution

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of adaptive and maladaptive responses in cardiovascular diseases and hence are considered to be potential therapeutical targets. However, their role as novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases still needs to be systematically evaluated. We assessed here for the first time whole-genome miRNA expression in peripheral total blood samples of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We identified 121 miRNAs, which are significantly dysregulated in AMI patients in comparison to healthy controls. Among these, miR-1291 and miR-663b show the highest sensitivity and specificity for the discrimination of cases from controls. Using a novel self-learning pattern recognition algorithm, we identified a unique signature of 20 miRNAs that predicts AMI with even higher power (specificity 96%, sensitivity 90%, and accuracy 93%). In addition, we show that miR-30c and miR-145 levels correlate with infarct sizes estimated by Troponin T release. The here presented study shows that single miRNAs and especially miRNA signatures derived from peripheral blood, could be valuable novel biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords

Cardiovascular diseases Diagnosis Myocardial infarction Biomarker MicroRNA 

Supplementary material

395_2010_123_MOESM1_ESM.ppt (283 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPT 283 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin Meder
    • 1
  • Andreas Keller
    • 2
  • Britta Vogel
    • 1
  • Jan Haas
    • 1
  • Farbod Sedaghat-Hamedani
    • 1
  • Elham Kayvanpour
    • 1
  • Steffen Just
    • 1
  • Anne Borries
    • 2
  • Jessica Rudloff
    • 1
  • Petra Leidinger
    • 3
  • Eckart Meese
    • 3
  • Hugo A. Katus
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Rottbauer
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine IIIUniversity of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Biomarker Discovery Center HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  3. 3.Department of Human Genetics, Medical SchoolSaarland UniversityHomburgGermany
  4. 4.Department of Medicine IIUniversity of UlmUlmGermany

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