European Journal of Nutrition

, Volume 57, Issue 7, pp 2341–2342 | Cite as

Review of earlier evidence on dietary glycemic index and load and depression needs further attention

  • Asma Salari-Moghaddam
  • Bagher Larijani
  • Ahmad EsmaillzadehEmail author
Letter to the Editor


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

ASM, BL and AE declared no potential personal or financial conflicts of interest.


  1. 1.
    Rahimlou M, Morshedzadeh N, Karimi S, Jafarirad S (2018) Association between dietary glycemic index and glycemic load with depression: a systematic review. Eur J Nutr. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Umegaki H, Iimuro S, Araki A, Sakurai T, Iguchi A, Yoshimura Y et al (2009) Association of higher carbohydrate intake with depressive mood in elderly diabetic women. Nutr Neurosci 12(6):267–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gangwisch JE, Hale L, Garcia L, Malaspina D, Opler MG, Payne ME et al (2015) High glycemic index diet as a risk factor for depression: analyses from the Women’s Health Initiative. Am J Clin Nutr 102:454–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Murakami K, Miyake Y, Sasaki S, Tanaka K, Yokoyama T, Ohya Y et al (2008) Dietary glycemic index and load and the risk of postpartum depression in Japan: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. J Affect Disord 110:174–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gopinath B, Flood VM, Burlutksy G, Louie JC, Mitchell P (2016) Association between carbohydrate nutrition and prevalence of depressive symptoms in older adults. Br J Nutr 116:2109–2114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ma Y, Olendzki BC, Merriam PA, Chiriboga DE, Culver AL, Li W et al (2008) A randomized clinical trial comparing low-glycemic index versus ADA dietary education among individuals with type 2 diabetes. Nutrition 24:45–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cheathman RA, Roberts SB, Das SK, Gilhooly CH, Golden JK, Hyatt R et al (2009) Long-term effects of provided low and high glycemic load low energy diets on mood and cognition. Physiol Behav 98:374–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Breymeyer KL, Lampe JW, McGregor BA, Neuhouser ML (2016) Subjective mood and energy levels of healthy weight and overweight/obese healthy adults on high-and low-glycemic load experimental diets. Appetite 107:253–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asma Salari-Moghaddam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bagher Larijani
    • 3
  • Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Students’ Scientific Research CenterTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and DieteticsTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences InstituteTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences InstituteTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food ScienceIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran

Personalised recommendations