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Consumption of a dark roast coffee decreases the level of spontaneous DNA strand breaks: a randomized controlled trial

Abstract

Purpose

Coffee consumption has been reported to decrease oxidative damage in peripheral white blood cells (WBC). However, effects on the level of spontaneous DNA strand breaks, a well established marker of health risk, have not been specifically reported yet. We analyzed the impact of consuming a dark roast coffee blend on the level of spontaneous DNA strand breaks.

Methods

Healthy men (n = 84) were randomized to consume daily for 4 weeks either 750 ml of fresh coffee brew or 750 ml of water, subsequent to a run in washout phase of 4 weeks. The study coffee was a blend providing high amounts of both caffeoylquinic acids (10.18 ± 0.33 mg/g) and the roast product N-methylpyridinium (1.10 ± 0.05 mg/g). Before and after the coffee/water consumption phase, spontaneous strand breaks were determined by comet assay.

Results

At baseline, both groups exhibited a similar level of spontaneous DNA strand breaks. In the intervention phase, spontaneous DNA strand breaks slightly increased in the control (water only) group whereas they significantly decreased in the coffee group, leading to a 27 % difference within both arms (p = 0.0002). Food frequency questionnaires indicated no differences in the overall diet between groups, and mean body weight during the intervention phases remained stable. The consumption of the study coffee substantially lowered the level of spontaneous DNA strand breaks in WBC.

Conclusion

We conclude that regular coffee consumption contributes to DNA integrity.

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Abbreviations

BMI:

Body mass index

TI:

Tail intensity

BS:

Blood sampling

NMP:

N-Methylpyridinium

NQO1:

NAD(P)H:quinine oxidoreductase 1

γ-GCL:

γ-Glutamylcysteine ligase

Nrf2:

NF-E2 p45 subunit-related factor 2

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Acknowledgments

We are grateful for the contribution of the participants in the study. We thank Dirk Galan and Axel Stachon for their support during the study. The authors thank Sylvia Schmidt for performing the comet measurements and Anja Beusch for technical assistance.

Conflict of interest

This study has been supported by Tchibo GmbH, Hamburg. G. Eisenbrand is scientific advisor within the BMBF cluster projects, grants no 0313843 and 0315692, with Tchibo GmbH and with the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee, La Tour de Peilz, Switzerland (ISIC).

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Correspondence to E. Richling.

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Bakuradze, T., Lang, R., Hofmann, T. et al. Consumption of a dark roast coffee decreases the level of spontaneous DNA strand breaks: a randomized controlled trial. Eur J Nutr 54, 149–156 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-014-0696-x

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Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Coffee
  • Comet assay
  • Intervention study
  • DNA strand breaks