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European Journal of Nutrition

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 196–203 | Cite as

Food intake and plasma ghrelin response during potato-, rice- and pasta-rich test meals

  • Johannes ErdmannEmail author
  • Yvonne Hebeisen
  • Florian Lippl
  • Stefan Wagenpfeil
  • Volker Schusdziarra
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION

Abstract

Objective

Complex carbohydrates such as potato, rice and pasta are frequently consumed accompaniments of meat meals and have different effects on satiety, food intake, glucose, and insulin concentrations. The orexigenic gastric hormone ghrelin contributes to feeding regulation and as yet it is unknown whether there is any differential ghrelin response to these starchy food items corresponding to their effects on food intake.

Methods

In 11 subjects the effect of satiating amounts of potatoes, rice or pasta consumed together with 150g pork steak was examined on hunger/satiety ratings, food intake, plasma insulin, glucose and ghrelin concentrations.

Results

All meals led to comparable quantities of food intake while energy intake was significantly lower after potatoes. Satiety/hunger ratings were significantly different from basal for the entire 4 h period after rice and pasta meals, while they had returned to basal during the 4th hour after potatoes. After rice and pasta insulin rose significantly for 4 h. Ghrelin decreased during the 2nd and 3rd hour. In contrast potatoes stimulated insulin for the initial 2 h only while ghrelin rose significantly by 120 pg/ml over the 4 h period. A significant correlation was observed between ghrelin and hunger ratings while subsequent second meal food and energy intake did not differ irrespective of the preceding ghrelin concentration.

Conclusion

Compared to rice and pasta satiating amounts of potatoes coingested with meat result in lower energy intake and postprandial insulin concentrations, which is not counterbalanced during subsequent food intake despite higher ghrelin concentrations. The present data support the concept that ghrelin can affect hunger sensations but not necessarily food and energy intake.

Keywords

insulin satiety hunger food intake energy density carbohydrate protein 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors want to thank Margit Hausmann, Christine Herda, Sylvia Tholl, and Jens-Peter Zimmermann for their expert technical help.

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag Darmstadt 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Erdmann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yvonne Hebeisen
    • 1
  • Florian Lippl
    • 2
  • Stefan Wagenpfeil
    • 3
  • Volker Schusdziarra
    • 1
  1. 1.Else-Kröner-Fresenius Centre of Nutritional MedicineTechnical University of MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Dept. of Internal Medicine IITechnical University of MunichMunichGermany
  3. 3.Dept. of Medical Statistics and EpidemiologyTechnical University of MunichMunichGermany

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