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Table 4 Association between moderately or markedly better dyspnea on the Likert scale at 6, 12 and 24 h and selected characteristics (n = 1076)

From: Sex differences in early dyspnea relief between men and women hospitalized for acute heart failure: insights from the RELAX-AHF study

Covariates Coefficient (95% CI) Std. err Odds ratio (95% CI) p value
Male −0.5032 (−0.8053, −0.2011) 0.1541 0.605 (0.447, 0.818) 0.0011
HFpEF (LVEF ≥50) −0.1579 (−0.4959, 0.1801) 0.1725 0.854 (0.609, 1.197) 0.3598
Age −0.0200 (−0.0330, −0.0070) 0.0066 0.980 (0.968, 0.993) 0.0026
Pulse pressure −0.0025 (−0.0113, 0.0064) 0.0045 0.998 (0.989, 1.006) 0.5861
Heart rate 0.0055 (−0.0041, 0.0152) 0.0049 1.006 (0.996, 1.015) 0.2607
Total diuretic dosea −0.0031 (−0.0053, −0.0009) 0.0011 0.997 (0.995, 0.999) 0.0067
  1. Logistic regression model to estimate the relationship between the dependent variable and the covariates
  2. aTotal diuretic dose is defined as IV loop diuretics dose + 0.5 × oral loop diuretics on day 1