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Analysis of risk factors for delayed bleeding after semi-closed hemorrhoidectomy

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International Journal of Colorectal Disease Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of delayed post-hemorrhoidectomy bleeding (DPHB) after hemorrhoidectomy using a semi-closed procedure. We also investigated risk factors associated with DPHB.

Methods

This retrospective study enrolled a total of 1645 consecutive patients with symptomatic grade II to IV hemorrhoids who underwent a semi-closed procedure at the Seoul Songdo Hospital between September 2018 and May 2019. All patients underwent a semi-closed procedure with submucosal feeding vessel ligation, a method commonly performed at our institution.

Results

A total of 1645 patients (mean age: 48.67 (±14.38) years, 823 (50.0%) male/822 (50.0%) female) underwent semi-closed hemorrhoidectomy. Critically, 24 (1.5%) patients experienced DPHB. Of these patients, 13 (0.8%) experienced stump bleeding, whereas 11 (0.7%) experienced marginal bleeding. The mean bleeding period was 8.21±4.45 days. Multivariate analysis showed that male sex, drinking history, more than four hemorrhoid piles, and laxative agents were independent risk factors for DPHB. The risk of stump bleeding was significantly associated with male sex (OR=5.55, 95% CI 1.23-25.14, p=0.026), more than four hemorrhoid piles (OR=5.90, 95% CI 1.62-21.53, p=0.007), and laxative usage (OR=3.92, 95% CI 1.31-11.74, p=0.015). Conversely, the risk of marginal bleeding were significantly associated with drinking history (OR=10.48, 95% CI 1.34-82.03, p=0.025) and more than four hemorrhoid piles (OR=4.71, 95% CI 1.24-17.81, p=0.023).

Conclusion

Male sex, drinking history, more than four hemorrhoid piles, and laxative usage were independent risk factors for DPHB in patients undergoing semi-closed hemorrhoidectomy. The risk factors for stump bleeding included male sex, more than four hemorrhoid piles, and laxative usage. In contrast, the risk factors for marginal bleeding were drinking history and more than four hemorrhoid piles.

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Correspondence to Do-Yeon Hwang.

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Jeong, H.Y., Hwang, DY., Cho, D.H. et al. Analysis of risk factors for delayed bleeding after semi-closed hemorrhoidectomy. Int J Colorectal Dis 36, 857–864 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00384-021-03895-w

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