International Journal of Colorectal Disease

, Volume 22, Issue 11, pp 1389–1393 | Cite as

Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome: clinical findings, surgical treatment, and outcomes

  • Carlos Torres
  • Marat Khaikin
  • Jorge Bracho
  • Cheng Hua Luo
  • Eric G. Weiss
  • Dana R. Sands
  • Susan Cera
  • Juan J. Nogueras
  • Steven D. Wexner
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is a rare disorder often misdiagnosed as a malignant ulcer. Histopathological features of SRUS are characteristic and pathognomonic; nevertheless, the endoscopic and clinical presentations may be confusing. The aim of the present study was to assess the clinical findings, surgical treatment, and outcomes in patients who suffer from SRUS.

Materials and methods

A retrospective chart review was undertaken, from January 1989 to May 2005 for all patients who were diagnosed with SRUS. Data recorded included: patient’s age, gender, clinical presentation, past surgical history, diagnostic and preoperative workup, operative procedure, complications, and outcomes.

Results

During the study period, 23 patients were diagnosed with SRUS. Seven patients received only medical treatment, and in three patients, the ulcer healed after medical treatment. Sixteen patients underwent surgical treatment. In four patients, the symptoms persisted after surgery. Two patients presented with postoperative rectal bleeding requiring surgical intervention. Three patients developed late postoperative sexual dysfunction. One patient continued suffering from rectal pain after a colostomy was constructed. Median follow-up was 14 (range 2–84) months.

Conclusion

The results of this study show clearly that every patient with SRUS must be assessed individually. Initial treatment should include conservative measures. In patients with refractory symptoms, surgical treatment should be considered. Results of anterior resection and protocolectomy are satisfactory for solitary rectal ulcer.

Keywords

SRUS Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome Surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Torres
    • 1
  • Marat Khaikin
    • 1
  • Jorge Bracho
    • 1
  • Cheng Hua Luo
    • 1
  • Eric G. Weiss
    • 1
  • Dana R. Sands
    • 1
  • Susan Cera
    • 1
  • Juan J. Nogueras
    • 1
  • Steven D. Wexner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Colorectal SurgeryCleveland Clinic FloridaWestonUSA

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