Multimodality treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer: first results of a new German centre for peritoneal surface malignancies
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The presence of peritoneal carcinomatosis arising from colorectal cancer is associated with a poor prognosis. It was the purpose of this study to analyze morbidity, mortality, and survival after major cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy.
Materials and methods
Thirty-two patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis were operated between April 2004 and June 2006 with the aim of complete macroscopical cytoreduction. All had a primary colorectal carcinoma. Surgery in these patients was followed by hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) consisting of mitomycin C and doxorubicin. Data were analyzed retrospectively.
Of all patients, 16 had appendix and 16 non-appendiceal colorectal carcinoma. A macroscopically complete cytoreduction was achieved in 24 patients by parietal and visceral peritonectomy procedures. All resections were combined with HIPEC. Overall morbidity was 34%. Most frequent surgical complications were intestinal obstruction (4/32), enteric fistula (2/32), pancreatitis (2/32), and bile leakage (2/32). One patient presented grade 4 renal toxicity. There was no hospital mortality. The median follow-up was 12 months. The 1-year overall survival rate is 96%. All patients after complete cytoreduction are still alive.
Cytoreductive surgery combined with HIPEC is associated with an acceptable morbidity and low mortality. Complete cytoreduction may improve survival, particularly in well-selected patients having a low tumor volume and no extra-abdominal metastases.