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Infra-areolar subcutaneous mastectomy in the surgical treatment of adolescent gynecomastia

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Despite being a common condition in puberty, only 5–10% of pubertal gynecomastia need surgical treatment. Here the authors present their experiences with infra-areolar subcutaneous mastectomy in the surgical treatment of adolescent gynecomastia.


The records of patients who underwent infra-areolar subcutaneous mastectomy for adolescent gynecomastia between January 2004 and December 2021 were reviewed retrospectively. The patients' demographic data, complaints and clinical presentation, physical examination, laboratory and radiological findings, surgical management, and postoperative follow-ups were evaluated. The patients were evaluated according to the localization of the gynecomastia (unilateral/bilateral) and according to the patients’ body mass index (BMI) (normal/overweight).


A total of 21 boys with a mean age of 15 ± 1.4 years were operated by the senior author and infra-areolar subcutaneous mastectomy by a semilunar incision was performed for adolescent gynecomastia. The mean duration of the complaint was 24.2 ± 10.9 months. Gynecomastia was bilateral in 15 (71.5%) and unilateral in 6 (28.5%) of the patients. Sixteen patients (76.2%) were normal weight, 5 (23.8%) were overweight. Chromosomal anomaly and hypogonadism were detected in two patients. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia was detected in the pathology of one patient. The mean follow-up time was 2.7 ± 1 years, seroma developed in 2 patients at the early postoperative period. Their long-term follow-up was uneventful without complication.


The results of infra-areolar subcutaneous mastectomy are very promising in pubertal gynecomastia due to good skin elasticity and without obesity in the adolescent age group. We believe that this method provides an almost invisible incision and a natural pectoral appearance for adolescent patients who have experienced serious emotional problems related to their body images.

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Authors and Affiliations



Study conception and design: Özlem Balcı, Ayşe Karaman Data acquisition: Ayşe Karaman Analysis and data interpretation: Ayşe Karaman, Özlem Balcı Drafting of the manuscript: Özlem Balcı, Ayşe Karaman, İbrahim Karaman Critical revision: Ayşe Karaman, İbrahim Karaman.

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Correspondence to Özlem Balcı.

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Balcı, Ö., Karaman, İ. & Karaman, A. Infra-areolar subcutaneous mastectomy in the surgical treatment of adolescent gynecomastia. Pediatr Surg Int 40, 92 (2024).

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