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Enhanced recovery after surgery and anesthetic outcomes in pediatric reconstructive urologic surgery

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Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a perioperative management strategy to hasten postoperative recovery. We examined the effects of a pilot implementation of ERAS for pediatric patients on anesthetic outcomes.


We performed a prospective case–control study utilizing an ERAS protocol in patients aged < 18 years undergoing urologic reconstruction that included a bowel anastomosis. Protocol elements included: multimodal analgesia, opioid minimization, and routine nausea/vomiting prophylaxis. ERAS patients were propensity-matched with historical controls. Outcomes of interest included maximum PACU pain score, time to first opioid, opioid-free days, and need for opioids on day of discharge.


A total of 13 ERAS patients and 26 historical controls were included, with median ages 9.9 years (IQR 9.1–11) and 10.4 years (IQR 8.0–12.4), respectively. ERAS increased the percentage of patients who did not receive any intraoperative or postoperative opioids (0% vs 15%, p = 0.046 for both) and reduced maximum PACU pain score (3 vs 0, p < 0.001). The use of postoperative supplemental oxygen was decreased in the ERAS group (85% vs 38%, p = 0.013).


The implementation of an ERAS protocol appears to decrease postoperative pain, opioid usage, and positively impact other anesthetic outcomes in children undergoing urologic reconstructive surgery utilizing a bowel anastomosis.

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Correspondence to Daniel S. Han.

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As this study involved human participants, all research procedures in this study were conducted in accordance with the ethical standards of our institutional research board and those set forth in the Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research (often referred to as the Belmont Report).

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Han, D.S., Brockel, M.A., Boxley, P.J. et al. Enhanced recovery after surgery and anesthetic outcomes in pediatric reconstructive urologic surgery. Pediatr Surg Int 37, 151–159 (2021).

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