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Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a scientometric analysis of the global research activity and collaborative networks

Abstract

Despite a growing interest to clinicians and scientists, there is no comprehensive study that examines the global research activity on congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). A search strategy for the Web of Science™ database was designed to identify scientific CDH publications. Research output of countries, institutions, individual authors, and collaborative networks was analyzed. Semi-qualitative research measures including citation rate and h-index were assessed. Choropleth mapping and network diagrams were employed to visualize results. A total of 3669 publications were found, originating from 76 countries. The largest number was published by the USA (n = 1250), the UK (n = 279), and Canada (n = 215). The USA combined the highest number of cooperation articles (n = 152), followed by Belgium (n = 115) and the Netherlands (n = 93). The most productive collaborative networks were established between UK/Belgium (n = 53), Belgium/Spain (n = 47), and UK/Spain (n = 34). Canadian publications received the highest average citation rate (22.8), whereas the USA had the highest country-specific h-index (72). Eighty-five (2.3%) articles were published by international multicenter consortiums and national research networks. The most productive institutions and authors were based in North America and Europe. Over the past decades, CDH research has increasingly become multidisciplinary and numerous innovative therapeutic strategies were introduced. CDH-related research has constantly been progressing, involving today many disciplines with main research endeavors concentrating in a few high-income countries. Recent advances in prenatal interventions and regenerative medicine therapy hold the promise of improving CDH outcome in the 21st century. International collaborations and translational research should be strengthened to allow further evolution in this field.

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Correspondence to Florian Friedmacher.

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Friedmacher, F., Pakarinen, M.P. & Rintala, R.J. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a scientometric analysis of the global research activity and collaborative networks. Pediatr Surg Int 34, 907–917 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-4304-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00383-018-4304-7

Keywords

  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • Pulmonary hypoplasia
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • ECMO
  • FETO
  • Bibliometrics