Does endoscopic puncture of ureterocele provide not only an initial solution, but also a definitive treatment in all children? Over the 26 years of experience
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We have retrospectively evaluated all patients who underwent endoscopic puncture (EP) of ureterocele over the last 26 years with special reference to the need in the second intervention and disease-free status.
78 (69%) of the 112 patients following EP and completed follow-up were included. 51 (65%) were diagnosed prenatally and 27 (35%) postnatally. 46 patients (60%) had intravesical, while 32 (40%) had ectopic ureterocele. Median age at time of puncture was 4 months. Median time of the follow-up was 12 years (range 1–26 years), while 23 (30%) followed over 10 years and 15 (19%) completed adolescent period.
Four children with ectopic ureterocele required secondary puncture. Ectopic ureterocele children had significantly more postoperative UTIs (13 (40%) ectopic vs 4 (19%) intravesical p = 0.047). 19 RRUs (44%) showed spontaneous resolution of VUR. 14 (18%) children required additional surgery: 7, endoscopic correction of VUR; 3, ureteral reimplantation and 4, partial nephrectomy. The need for additional surgery following puncture was higher in the group of children with ectopic ureterocele; however, this difference did not reach a statistical significance (p = 0.716).
Our data show that EP of ureterocele is a durable and long-term effective procedure in vast majority of the children.
KeywordsUreterocele Endoscopic puncture Long-term follow-up
This study did not receive any financial funding.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflict of the interest with the discussed in the manuscript material and we do have nothing to disclose concerning this manuscript.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent regarding the surgical procedure was obtained from the parents of all individual participants included in the study.
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