Pediatric Surgery International

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 475–489 | Cite as

Surgical perspectives regarding application of biomaterials for the management of large congenital diaphragmatic hernia defects

  • Amulya K. Saxena
Review Article


This review focuses on the surgical viewpoints on patch repairs in neonates with large congenital diaphragmatic hernia defects. The main focus  is on the various biomaterials that have been employed to date with regard to their source of origins, degradation properties as well as tissue integration characteristics. Further focus  is on the present knowledge on patch integration when biomaterials are placed in the diaphragmatic defect. The review will also look at the present evidence on the biomechanical characteristics of the most commonly used biomaterials and compares these materials to diaphragmatic tissue to offer more  insight on the present practice of patch repairs in large defects. Since tissue engineering and regenerative medicine has offered another dimension to diaphragmatic replacement, a detailed overview of this technology will be undertaken with regard to cell sourcing, scaffolds, in vitro versus in vivo implants as well as quality of tissue produced, to explore the limitations and the feasibility facing the scientific community in its clinical implementation of skeletal muscle-engineered tissue beyond laboratory research for diaphragmatic replacement.


Congenital diaphragmatic hernia Prosthetic materials Recurrence Patch repair Biomaterials Tissue engineering Biomechanics 



This research was partly funded by the European Union within the 6th Framework Program (EuroSTEC; LSHC-CT-2006-037409).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chelsea Children’s Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation TrustImperial College LondonLondonUK

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