Pediatric Surgery International

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 249–261 | Cite as

Hydrometrocolpos etiology and management: past beckons the present

  • Kashish Khanna
  • Shilpa Sharma
  • D. K. Gupta
Review Article


Hydrometrocolpos is a rare condition in which the uterus and the vagina are grossly distended with a retained fluid other than pus or blood. It may present during the neonatal period or later at puberty. Most cases reported earlier were stillbirths and were diagnosed only on autopsy. Antenatal diagnosis is now possible with the advent of ultrasound. An early diagnosis and speedy management is the key to survival. Many previous case reports have focused on the varied clinical presentations, multiple causes, associated syndromes and/or the radiological diagnosis of this condition. However, management options for different types of hydrometrocolpos have not yet been concisely discussed. We have reviewed the literature and tried to summarize the management options applicable to most case scenarios of hydrometrocolpos.


Hydrometrocolpos Hydrocolpos Cloaca Urogenital sinus Vaginal atresia Imperforate hymen 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There exists no conflict of Interest.

Funding sources

There is no funding source to declare.

Ethical clearance

Ethical clearance was taken to conduct this review.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric SurgeryAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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