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Diversity of intraseasonal oscillation over the western North Pacific

Abstract

The western North Pacific (WNP) intraseasonal oscillation (ISO) is the strongest over the globe, its prediction is the cornerstone for subseasonal prediction of the Asian summer monsoon. Yet, our understanding of the diversity of the WNP ISO is limited, which challenges our modeling and prediction efforts. We study the diversity of observed WNP ISO by performing cluster analysis on propagation patterns of ISO events, targeting three clusters: westward, northeastward, and northwestward propagations. The westward cluster exists within the WNP, while the other two are related to the northeastward propagating rain band originated from the central equatorial Indian Ocean and to the northwestward propagating dipole across the western Pacific and Indian Ocean, respectively. Moist static energy (MSE) tendency contributing to these different propagations is mainly due to horizontal advection, while radiative heating mainly maintains the ISO’s development. Background sea surface temperature (SST) and MSE anomalies partly determine this ISO diversity, especially for those ISOs with large similarity. The westward cluster is related to warm SST anomalies in the western Indian Ocean, as a combination of seasonal cycle and internal interannual-to-interdecadal variability. The northeastward cluster is related to the cold Pacific Meridional Mode and La Niña-like pattern, while the northwestward cluster is related to the opposite warm background, both as the internal variability. Our finding of the background-affected ISO diversity over the WNP can be conducive to both model simulation and subseasonal prediction of the Asian summer monsoon.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Guangdong Major Project of Basic and Applied Basic Research (2020B0301030004) and the Natural Science Foundation of China (41975107). BW acknowledges the support from the National Science Foundation of the U.S. (Award #2025057).

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Correspondence to Fei Liu or Wenjie Dong.

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Wang, H., Liu, F., Wang, B. et al. Diversity of intraseasonal oscillation over the western North Pacific. Clim Dyn 57, 1881–1893 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-021-05780-2

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Keywords

  • Intraseasonal oscillation
  • Western North Pacific
  • Diversity
  • La Niña
  • Pacific Meridional Mode
  • Western Indian Ocean