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Orbital and millennial northern mid-latitude westerlies over the last glacial period

  • Yun LiEmail author
  • Yougui SongEmail author
  • Qiuzhen YinEmail author
  • Li Han
  • Yixuan Wang
Article

Abstract

The northern mid-latitude westerlies play an important role in the climate interactions between the low and high latitudes. Our understanding of the factors that control the latitudinal displacement of the westerlies remains incomplete due to insufficient climatic proxy. Here we present a latitudinal-shift record of the westerlies in the eastern Central Asia over the past 70,000 years, on the basis of the grain size of the loess sequence from the Tacheng basin. On millennial timescale, the variation of the reconstructed westerlies resembles that of the Greenland temperature and the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC), indicating the role of the AMOC on the westerlies. On orbital time scale, their variation is controlled by precession and insolation. Our analyses of the LOVECLIM and CCSM3 models’ results show that the impact of insolation and AMOC on the latitudinal shift of the westerlies is through changing the latitudinal temperature and pressure gradients.

Keywords

Orbital Millennial Northern westerlies AMOC Precession 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by funds from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC Grant no. 41702189, 41572162), and the Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique-FNRS under Grant MIS F.4529.18. Q. Z. Yin is Research Associate of the Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique-FNRS.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Comprehensive and Highly Efficient Utilization of Salt Lake ResourcesQinghai Institute of Salt Lakes, Chinese Academy of SciencesXiningChina
  2. 2.Qinghai Provincial Key Laboratory of Geology and Environment of Salt Lake, Qinghai Institute of Salt LakesChinese Academy of SciencesXiningChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  4. 4.Georges Lemaître Centre for Earth and Climate Research, Earth and Life InstituteUniversité Catholique de LouvainLouvain-La-NeuveBelgium

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