Climate Dynamics

, Volume 52, Issue 3–4, pp 1533–1545 | Cite as

Temperature variability inferred from tree-ring records in Weichang region, China, and its teleconnection with large-scale climate forcing

  • Yanchao WangEmail author
  • Yu LiuEmail author
  • Huifang Zhang
  • Hui Wang
  • Jingli Guo
  • Erliang Zhang
  • Jun Wang
  • Xiao Li


Based on the combination of two dendrochronologies, the annual mean temperature from May to June for the last 160 years was reconstructed in Weichang region, China, with the predictor variables accounting 43.3% of the variance during the calibration period of 1956–2012. Warm periods with temperature levels great than the mean (17.66 °C) occurred in 1853–1881, 1886–1891, 1904–1909, 1923–1930, 1964–1970, 1980–1988, 1998–2002 and 2007–2011; and cold periods with temperature levels less than the mean occurred in 1882–1885, 1892–1898, 1901–1903, 1910–1922, 1931–1963, 1971–1979, 1989–1997 and 2003–2006. The reconstruction showed that droughts usually occurred in the warm years. And the reconstructed temperature series showed an almost reverse trend to the total precipitation of previous August to present July from Chifeng–Weichang on inter-decadal scale, which indicate the basic feature of climate was warm-dry and cold-wet in Weichang region. The reconstructed temperature series showed a linear increasing trend with a rise 0.11 °C from 1880 to 2012. Comparisons with other temperature series revealed a consistently warming trend after the mid-1950s and confirmed a good repeatability and high reliability in our reconstruction. Spatial correlation implied the reconstruction could represent a regional temperature signal in the large parts of northern China and Central-Eastern Mongolia. The multi-taper method reveals several significant periodicities in our reconstruction over the past 160 years, suggesting possible linkages with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, lunar gravity, Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and solar activity. Correlation analysis between the reconstruction and Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), lunar geocentric declination, PDO and sunspot number further demonstrates that the temperature variations in Weichang region are negatively correlated with SOI and positively correlated with lunar gravity, PDO and solar activity in the long term.


Weichang Pinus tabulaeformis Carr Tree-ring width Temperature Reconstruction 



The authors thank Huiming Song and Guang Bao for their help. This study was jointly supported by Grants from the high education scientific and technology research project in Hebei province (BJ201602, ZD2016206), the Foundation of the State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology Foundation (SKLLQG1720, SKLLQG1726), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (D2016108005), the CAS Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences QYZDJ–SSW–DQC021, NSFC41630531, XDPB05, GJHZ1777 and the Key Project of IEECAS and the SKLLQG. We also thank the editors and reviewers for their comments and suggestion on our manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Resource and EnvironmentXingtai UniversityXingtaiChina
  2. 2.The State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  3. 3.Interdisciplinary Research Center of Earth Science Frontier (IRCESF) and Joint Center for Global Change Studies (JCGCS), Beijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Office of Educational AdministrationXingtai UniversityXingtaiChina
  5. 5.Mulanweichang National Forestry Administration of Hebei ProvinceWeichangChina

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