Climate Dynamics

, Volume 52, Issue 1–2, pp 765–775 | Cite as

An interdecadal climate dipole between Northeast Asia and Antarctica over the past five centuries

  • Keyan FangEmail author
  • Deliang Chen
  • Zhengtang Guo
  • Yan Zhao
  • David Frank
  • Maosheng He
  • Feifei Zhou
  • Feng Shi
  • Heikki Seppä
  • Peng Zhang
  • Raphael Neukom


Climate models emphasize the need to investigate inter-hemispheric climatic interactions. However, these models often underestimate the inter-hemispheric differences in climate change. With the wide application of reanalysis data since 1948, we identified a dipole pattern between the geopotential heights (GPHs) in Northeast Asia and Antarctica on the interdecadal scale in boreal summer. This Northeast Asia/Antarctica (NAA) dipole pattern is not conspicuous on the interannual scale, probably in that the interannual inter-hemispheric climate interaction is masked by strong interannual signals in the tropics associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Unfortunately, the instrumental records are not sufficiently long-lasting to detect the interdecadal variability of the NAA. We thus reconstructed GPHs since 1565, making using the proxy records mostly from tree rings in Northeast Asia and ice cores from Antarctica. The strength of the NAA is time-varying and it is most conspicuous in the eighteenth century and after the late twentieth century. The strength of the NAA matches well with the variations of the solar radiation and tends to increase in along with its enhancement. In boreal summer, enhanced heating associated with high solar radiation in the Northern Hemisphere drives more air masses from the South to the North. This inter-hemispheric interaction is particularly strong in East Asia as a result of the Asian summer monsoon. Northeast Asia and Antarctica appear to be the key regions responsible for inter-hemispheric interactions on the interdecadal scale in boreal summer since they are respectively located at the front and the end of this inter-hemispheric trajectory.


Interdecadal climate change Asian summer monsoon Climate reconstruction Northeast Asia Antarctica 



This research is funded by the National Science Foundation of China (41471172 and U1405231), the Fellowship for 10000 People Plan of China (Distinguished Young Scientists), the Swedish STINT, VR, as well as MERGE and BECC.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 234 KB)
382_2018_4161_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (1.9 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 1934 KB)
382_2018_4161_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (461 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (XLSX 461 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process (Ministry of Education)Fujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Regional Climate Group, Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences (CETES)BeijingChina
  6. 6.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  7. 7.Laboratory of Tree-ring ResearchUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  8. 8.Leibniz Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsKühlungsbornGermany
  9. 9.Department of Geosciences and GeographyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  10. 10.Oeschger Centre for Climate Change ResearchUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

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