Enhanced influence of early-spring tropical Indian Ocean SST on the following early-summer precipitation over Northeast China

Article

Abstract

The relationship between the tropical Indian Ocean (TIO) and East Asian summer monsoon/precipitation has been documented in many studies. However, the precursor signals of summer precipitation in the TIO sea surface temperature (SST), which is important for climate prediction, have drawn little attention. This study identified a strong relationship between early-spring TIO SST and subsequent early-summer precipitation in Northeast China (NEC) since the late 1980s. For 1961–1986, the correlations between early-spring TIO SST and early-summer NEC precipitation were statistically insignificant; for 1989–2014, they were positively significant. Since the late 1980s, the early-spring positive TIO SST anomaly was generally followed by a significant anomalous anticyclone over Japan; that facilitated anomalous southerly winds over NEC, conveying more moisture from the North Pacific. Further analysis indicated that an early TIO SST anomaly showed robust persistence into early summer. However, the early-summer TIO SST anomaly displayed a more significant influence on simultaneous atmospheric circulation and further affected NEC precipitation since the late 1980s. In 1989–2014, the early-summer Hadley and Ferrell cell anomalies associated with simultaneous TIO SST anomaly were much more significant and extended further north to mid-latitudes, which provided a dynamic foundation for the TIO–mid-latitude connection. Correspondingly, the TIO SST anomaly could lead to significant divergence anomalies over the Mediterranean. The advections of vorticity by the divergent component of the flow effectively acted as a Rossby wave source. Thus, an apparent Rossby wave originated from the Mediterranean and propagated east to East Asia; that further influenced the NEC precipitation through modulation to the atmospheric circulation (e.g., surface wind, moisture, vertical motion).

Keywords

Tropical Indian Ocean Northeast China’s summer precipitation Interdecadal shift Interannual relationship 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was jointly supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFA0600703) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41421004).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tingting Han
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Shengping He
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Huijun Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xin Hao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Climate Change Research CenterChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters/Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of EducationNanjing University for Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  4. 4.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of Bergen and Bjerknes Centre for Climate ResearchMonsNorway

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