Simulation of the present-day climate with the climate model INMCM5
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In this paper we present the fifth generation of the INMCM climate model that is being developed at the Institute of Numerical Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (INMCM5). The most important changes with respect to the previous version (INMCM4) were made in the atmospheric component of the model. Its vertical resolution was increased to resolve the upper stratosphere and the lower mesosphere. A more sophisticated parameterization of condensation and cloudiness formation was introduced as well. An aerosol module was incorporated into the model. The upgraded oceanic component has a modified dynamical core optimized for better implementation on parallel computers and has two times higher resolution in both horizontal directions. Analysis of the present-day climatology of the INMCM5 (based on the data of historical run for 1979–2005) shows moderate improvements in reproduction of basic circulation characteristics with respect to the previous version. Biases in the near-surface temperature and precipitation are slightly reduced compared with INMCM4 as well as biases in oceanic temperature, salinity and sea surface height. The most notable improvement over INMCM4 is the capability of the new model to reproduce the equatorial stratospheric quasi-biannual oscillation and statistics of sudden stratospheric warmings.
KeywordsClimate Model Atmosphere Ocean Parameterization Simulation Temperature Precipitation Bias
The study was performed at the Institute of Numerical Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Sciences and supported by the Russian Science Foundation, grant 14-17-00126 (model development) and Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant 16-55-76004 ERA.NET RUS (numerical experiments). Climate model runs were produced at the supercomputer MVS10P of the Joint Supercomputer Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
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