Climate Dynamics

, Volume 47, Issue 7–8, pp 2121–2138 | Cite as

A study of quasi-millennial extratropical winter cyclone activity over the Southern Hemisphere

Article

Abstract

The winter extratropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere during the last one thousand years within a global climate simulation was analyzed by tracking cyclones, and then clustering them into ten clusters consecutively for each hundred years. There is very strong year-to-year variability for Southern Hemispheric winter extratropical cyclone numbers and larger variations on centennial time scale, more so than for its Northern Hemispherical counterparts. However, no obvious trend can be found. The mean tracks of clusters over the Southern Indian Ocean and near New Zealand shift poleward from the eleventh to the twentieth century while the clusters in the central Southern Pacific shift equatorward. Storm track clusters with largest deepening rates are found over the Southwestern Indian Ocean. In the twentieth century, rapidly deepening cyclones appear more often while long lifespan cyclones appear less frequently. The winter storm activity in the Southern Hemisphere is closely related to the Antarctic Oscillation. The cyclone frequency over the Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean can be associated with the Indian Ocean Dipole and El Nino-Southern Oscillation respectively.

Keywords

Quasi-millennium Extratropical cyclone Southern Hemisphere Cyclone numbers 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lan Xia
    • 1
  • Hans von Storch
    • 2
  • Frauke Feser
    • 2
  • Jian Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric SciencesYunnan UniversityUniversity Town, Chenggong County, KunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Coastal ResearchHelmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtGeesthachtGermany

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