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Reconstructed summer temperatures over the last 400 years based on larch ring widths: Sakhalin Island, Russian Far East

Abstract

A new ring-width record from the eastern flanks of the Eastern Sakhalin Range, Sakhalin Island, Russian Federation is significantly correlated with summer temperatures and allows for the reconstruction of May–July average temperatures for the past 400 years. The reconstruction explains 37 % of the variance in May–July temperatures and shows a strong cooling between 1680 and 1710 CE coincident with the Maunder solar minimum and in agreement with other independent tree-ring reconstructions and glacier histories from sites along the margin of the Sea of Okhotsk. While recent decades are among the warmest in the record they are rivaled by periods centered on 1650 and 1850 CE. Warming in the observational record and the reconstruction is consistent with the influence of the declining strength of the Siberian High and loss of sea ice over the same interval. Decadal (17–25 year) variability persists throughout the reconstruction. At interannual timescales the Sakhalin reconstruction is most strongly correlated with local and central North Pacific sea surface temperatures over the past 120 years, whereas at decadal timescales there is an additional association with Asian land surface temperatures.

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Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the support, logistics and help in sampling by N.A.Kazakov of the Russian Far East Branch of the Geological Institute. This project was funded by National Science Foundation Grant Nos. AGS 1159430 and 1202218. LDEO Contribution #7806.

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Correspondence to Gregory C. Wiles.

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Wiles, G.C., Solomina, O., D’Arrigo, R. et al. Reconstructed summer temperatures over the last 400 years based on larch ring widths: Sakhalin Island, Russian Far East. Clim Dyn 45, 397–405 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-014-2209-2

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Keywords

  • Tree-rings
  • Russian Far East
  • Sakhalin Island
  • Sea of Okhotsk
  • Larch