Climate Dynamics

, Volume 38, Issue 11–12, pp 2613–2629

Possible connection between summer tropical cyclone frequency and spring Arctic Oscillation over East Asia



This study shows that the frequency of summer tropical cyclones (TCs) in the areas of Japan, Korea, and Taiwan (JKT), which are located in the middle latitudes of East Asia, has a positive correlation with the Arctic Oscillation (AO) occurring during the preceding spring, while summer TC frequency in the Philippines (PH), located in the low latitudes, has a negative correlation with the AO of the preceding spring. During a positive AO phase, when the anomalous anticyclone forms over the mid-latitudes of East Asia, other anomalous cyclones develop not only in the high latitudes but also in the low latitudes from the preceding spring to the summer months. With this change, while southeasterlies in the JKT area derived from the mid-latitude anticyclone plays a role in steering TCs toward this area, northwesterlies strengthened in the PH area by the low-latitude cyclone plays a role in preventing TC movement toward this area. In addition, because of this pressure systems developed during this AO phase, TCs occur, move, and recurve in further northeastern part of the western North Pacific than they do during a negative AO phase.


Tropical cyclone Arctic Oscillation Mid-latitude anticyclone 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Typhoon CenterKorea Meteorological AdministrationJejuKorea
  2. 2.Department of Atmospheric SciencesNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Atmospheric SciencesPukyong National UniversityBusanKorea

Personalised recommendations