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The diagnosis and management of abusive head injuries in infancy in Egypt

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Child death owed to abuse and negligence is not uncommon, and its real incidence is unknown. The most common cause of fatal child abuse is head trauma. Abusive head injuries (AHI) most often involve brain injury of infants and young children. The outcomes of AHI vary from complete recovery to severe brain damage and death. This article highlights the diagnosis and management of AHI in infancy in Egypt, with a special focus on the social, medical, and legal aspects. The authors emphasize the importance of reporting cases suspected of AHI to the relevant authorities; this will guard against the recurrence of abuse to the child and will have a positive impact on the community.

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Abusive head injuries


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Computed tomography


Egyptian Forensic Medicine Authority


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)


Shaken baby syndrome


World Health Organization


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Correspondence to Mohamed A. El Beltagy.

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El Beltagy, M.A., Elbaroody, M. The diagnosis and management of abusive head injuries in infancy in Egypt. Childs Nerv Syst 38, 2365–2369 (2022).

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