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Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors of childhood: Ege University experience

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Abstract

Background

Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) are rare, low-grade tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) of childhood. It is an important cause of intractable epilepsy, and it is surgically curable. We aimed to review our institutional experience with DNET in children.

Methods

Medical records of children aged less than 18 years of age diagnosed with DNET between 2009 and 2020 at Ege University Hospital were reviewed. Clinical features of the patients including age, gender, initial symptoms, duration of symptoms, medical treatments, age at the time of surgery, tumor location, degree of surgical resection, and outcome of the patients were documented.

Results

We reviewed the records of 17 patients with DNETs. Twelve of them were male (70%), 5 of them female (30%). The median age was 11 years (19 months–17 years). The major symptom was a seizure in all of the patients. Thirteen patients presented with complex partial seizures, whereas 2 had a simple partial seizure, and 2 generalized tonic–clonic seizures. Seven patients had drug resistant epilepsy and had received at least two anti-epileptic drugs before surgery. The median duration of symptoms was 6.6 months (0–48 months). In surgery, total surgical resection was performed in 15 patients, and 2 patients underwent partial resection. From these 15 patients, seven patients underwent lesionectomy of the tumor while the other eight patients had extended lesionectomy. The mean follow-up time was 107 months (54–144 months), the seizure control was achieved in 14 patients (82.4%) after surgery, but 3 patients experienced tumor recurrence in the follow-up.

Conclusion

In DNETs, the complete total resection of the lesion is generally associated with seizure-free outcomes. In the patients with partial resection and lesionectomy, MRI follow-up is recommended for recurrence.

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Correspondence to Eda Ataseven.

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Ataseven, E., Özcan, M., Ölçülü, C.B. et al. Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors of childhood: Ege University experience. Childs Nerv Syst 38, 1699–1706 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-022-05565-w

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