Shunt revision rates in myelomeningocele patients in the first year of life: a retrospective study of 52 patients
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Shunt placement indications are stringent and require confirmation of clinical and radiological evidence of hydrocephalus (HC). The aim of this study was to determine the rate of shunting and discuss the outcome in the first year of life in patients with myelomeningocele (MMC) on the basis of review of the literature.
All patients who underwent postnatal repair of MMC at our institution between March 2014 and March 2015 were evaluated. Patients were only included if they underwent both MMC repair and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion at our institution and were followed up for at least 12 months. The mean ages for repair of MMC, MMC levels, timing of VP shunt placement, shunt revisions, and causes of shunt revisions were documented.
Fifty-two patients with MMC were included in this study. The average gestational age at birth was 38 weeks. The level of MMC was thoracolumbar in 13 cases, 11 times lumbar, 21 times lumbosacral, and 7 times sacral. Thirty-one patients (59.61%) suffered from hydrocephalus and required placement of a shunt. When we evaluate the lesion levels of patients who require shunting, 13 cases were thoracolumbar, 6 cases were lumbar, and 11 cases were lumbosacral. None of the sacral cases needed VP shunt. Seven patients (13.4%) had shunt revision within the first year of life. The cause of shunt revision was wound problem in one patient (1.9%), underdrainage in two patients (3.8%), infection in three patients (5.7%), and mechanical obstruction in another one patient (1.9%).
MMC closure and management of the associated HC are one of the most basic, but never simple, legs of the pediatric neurosurgery around the world. As clinicians and neurosurgeons, we are obligated to analyze recent evidences and evaluate present approaches to achieve optimization in this subject until further technologies or approaches became more advantageous for our patients.
KeywordsHydrocephalus Myelomeningocele Shunt Revision
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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