After some unsuccessful attempts to get promoted to the full professorship in Geneva, in 1924, she received a letter from Aleksei Nikolaevich Bach (founder of Soviet Biochemistry, 1857–1946) in which she was officially invited to take the vacant position of head of Physiology Department at the Second Moscow State University. She did not think twice and immediately accepted this invitation. On March 1925, at the age of 48, Stern arrived in Moscow to hold the vacant position. She continued to her studies in Moscow, organized scientific meeting, invited outstanding scientists to the institute, and published numerous articles [1, 2].
In 1929, Dr. Stern founded the Institute of Physiology with the help of the People’s Commissariat of Education and People’s Commissariat of Health in Moscow . In 1932, she was elected to full membership of the Russian Academy of Sciences; any women had not been awarded before with this reward . In 1939, she was elected a full member of the Academy of Sciences, and the institute became part of the USSR Academy of Science. In the same year, she became a member of the communist party. In 1943, she was awarded the Stalin Prize for her outstanding achievement in the research of the blood-brain barrier . Shortly after the German troops failed to conquer Stalingrad, Dr. Stern was asked to join Jewish antifascist committee (a committee on women, youth, scientists, Slavs, and Jews) which was set up by the Soviet authorities in order to mobilize world Jewish support for the USSR’s war effort against Nazi Germany [2, 16]. Jewish antifascist committee was set up on women, youth, scientists, Slavs, and Jews. Lina Stern was associated with the antifascist committees of scientists and women .
In 1948, she was expelled from all positions she held in medicine/science and exiled for 5 years in Dzhambul (Kazakhstan). Because, Stern’s some cultural connections with Judaism, although she was not religious, were opposite to the policy of Stalin towards the Jews , she spent nearly 4 years in prison. In 1952, leading members of Jewish antifascist committee were tried in secret and, all except for Stern, were executed. Shortly after Stalin’s death, she returned to Moscow and headed physiology laboratory of the Biophysics Institute of the USSR Academy of Science until her death .
Lina Stern died on March 7, 1968 and was buried at the famous Novodevichij cemetery in Moscow. Dr. Stern devoted most of her time to scientific research. She will be remembered for her innovative researches on the nervous system. Although she was humiliated during and after war years, she never discouraged and stopped her scientific studies in biochemistry and neurophysiology.