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Child's Nervous System

, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 771–779 | Cite as

Endoscopic neurosurgery in preterm and term newborn infants—a feasibility report

  • Matthias Schulz
  • Christoph Bührer
  • Birgit Spors
  • Hannes Haberl
  • Ulrich-Wilhelm ThomaleEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Objective

Neuroendoscopic procedures became essential in neurosurgical treatment of disturbed cerebrospinal fluid dynamics. While a vast number of papers report on the neuroendoscopic experience for adults and children, no series so far reported on techniques and indications for neonate infants. We present our experience for the feasibility of neuroendoscopic procedures in preterm and term newborn infants.

Methods

All preterm and term infants who underwent an endoscopic neurosurgical intervention prior to the 28th day after the previously estimated date of delivery were identified by retrospective review. Surgical procedures and techniques, complications, and further follow-up data are reported.

Results

During the study period, 14 infants (median age at surgery, 36+2/7 weeks of gestation) underwent 20 endoscopic procedures. The performed procedures included endoscopic septostomy (n = 3), endoscopic shunt placement for multiloculated hydrocephalus (n = 4), endoscopic transaqueductal stenting for isolated fourth ventricle (n = 3), and endoscopic lavage for ventriculitis (n = 4) or for intraventricular hemorrhage (n = 6). No severe complications were seen, while two patients necessitating unexpected interventions during further follow-up (10 %).

Conclusions

Despite the fragility of preterm and term newborn infants, neuroendoscopic procedures may play an important role in the treatment of disturbed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics also in this patient population. The neuroendoscopic approach may be curative in conditions like isolated lateral ventricle, may facilitate simplified and effective CSF diversion in multiloculated hydrocephalus or isolated fourth ventricle, and may be beneficial in the course of ventriculitis and intraventricular hemorrhage. Further studies must verify our experience with a bigger cohort of patients and on a multicenter basis.

Keywords

Neuroendoscopic Preterm infants Neonates Hydrocephalus Septostomy Aqueductplasty Intraventricular hemorrhage Ventriculitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Schulz
    • 1
  • Christoph Bührer
    • 2
  • Birgit Spors
    • 3
  • Hannes Haberl
    • 1
  • Ulrich-Wilhelm Thomale
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric NeurosurgeryCharité University Medical CenterBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of NeonatologyCharité University Medical CenterBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Department of Pediatric RadiologyCharité University Medical CenterBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Arbeitsbereich Pädiatrische NeurochirurgieCharité Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinGermany

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