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Child's Nervous System

, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 745–748 | Cite as

Kleeblattschädel skull: a review of its history, diagnosis, associations, and treatment

  • R. Shane TubbsEmail author
  • Amit Sharma
  • Christoph Griessenauer
  • Marios Loukas
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
  • Koichi Watanabe
  • W. Jerry Oakes
Review Paper

Abstract

Introduction

Kleeblattschädel (cloverleaf) skull is a very uncommon form of pansynostosis. Some cases are associated with syndromes, but often, this skull deformity is seen in isolation. To date, a comprehensive review of this topic is not available in the medical literature.

Conclusions

Herein, we review the history, associations, diagnosis, treatment, and complications of Kleeblattschädel skull.

Keywords

Cranium Congenital Deformity Craniosynostosis Neurosurgery Cloverleaf 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Shane Tubbs
    • 1
    Email author
  • Amit Sharma
    • 2
  • Christoph Griessenauer
    • 1
  • Marios Loukas
    • 2
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
    • 1
  • Koichi Watanabe
    • 1
  • W. Jerry Oakes
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric NeurosurgeryChildren’s Hospital of AlabamaBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.St. George’s UniversitySt. George’sGrenada

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