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Child's Nervous System

, Volume 28, Issue 11, pp 1823–1830 | Cite as

Rabi Rashidi (Rashidi Quarters): a late thirteen to early fourteenth century Middle Eastern Medical School

  • Feridoon Abbasnejad
  • Mohammadali M. ShojaEmail author
  • Paul S. Agutter
  • Farid Alakbarli
  • Marios Loukas
  • Ghaffar Shokouhi
  • Majid Khalili
  • R. Shane Tubbs
Cover Picture

Abstract

Introduction

Following the Mongolian invasion of the Middle East in the thirteenth century, a regional power called the Ilkhanid emerged and was ruled by the heirs of Temujin from Mongolia. Embracing present-day Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, areas of Russia, Turkey, and Pakistan, and nearby Middle Eastern territories, the Ilkhanid state patronized medicine and various other professions. Centered in Tabriz (Tauris), a city in the northwest of present-day Iran, was a non-profit-making educational and medical complex founded by Grand Minister Rashid al-Din Fazlollah Hamadani.

Methods

This paper reviews the literature regarding the rise and fall of the thirteenth century university and the Rabi Rashidi, emphasizing the structure of its medical school.

Conclusions

The background training of Rashid al-Din and his keen interest in science turned this complex, Rabi Rashidi (literally meaning the Rashidi Quarters), into a cosmopolitan university that freely trained medical scholars nationally and internationally. The possibility that Rashid al-Din was inspired by university developments in Europe is discussed.

Keywords

History Medicine Medieval University 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by a grant from Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Feridoon Abbasnejad
    • 1
  • Mohammadali M. Shoja
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Paul S. Agutter
    • 4
  • Farid Alakbarli
    • 5
  • Marios Loukas
    • 6
  • Ghaffar Shokouhi
    • 7
  • Majid Khalili
    • 1
  • R. Shane Tubbs
    • 2
  1. 1.Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  2. 2.Section of Pediatric NeurosurgeryChildren’s HospitalBirminghamUSA
  3. 3.Division of Neurological Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  4. 4.Theoretical Medicine and Biology GroupGlossopUK
  5. 5.Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  6. 6.Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of MedicineSt. George’s UniversityGrenadaWest Indies
  7. 7.Medical Philosophy and History Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran

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