Hydrocephalus in Sabuncuoğlu's Textbook of Surgery: Cerrahiyyet’ ul Haniyye
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In the history of medicine, as a distinct surgical entity, hydrocephalus has been known since the Greek antiquity. From the time of Hippocrates to the Renaissance, many physicians mentioned hydrocephalus, the excess of fluid in the head [1, 6, 9]. One original chapter that mentions hydrocephalus is found in the handwritten and illustrated textbook of surgery namely, Cerrahiyyet’ ul Haniyye, about a fifteenth century Turkish surgeon. Serafettin Sabuncuoğlu (1385–1486 AD) was born in the historical northern Anatolian town of Amasya. He began his medical studies at 17, and he practiced medicine and surgery at Amasya Dar-es Sifa Hospital until his death.
The surgical textbook Cerrahiyyet’ ul Haniyye, which means “the imperial surgery,” was handwritten and illustrated by the author in 1465 . The cover figure shows Sabuncuoğlu in his own miniature performing an incision to treat the water accumulation in the head of a young child. Written in old Turkish with Arabic alphabet, these are...
KeywordsHydrocephalus Fifteenth Century Water Accumulation Subdural Effusion Hydrocephalic Child
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