Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is known as a significant predictor of cardiovascular events. However, the previous studies have not considered age, which can affect the baPWV value. We evaluated the predictive value of baPWV for cardiovascular events in various age groups. From January 2005 to December 2012, all patients admitted to our department with any cardiovascular disease and underwent ankle-brachial index (ABI) measurement were enrolled in the IMPACT-ABI registry. The primary endpoints included major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke). Of the 3131 patients enrolled, 2554 were included in the analysis, whereas 577 were excluded due to missing baPWV data, ABI ≤0.9 and/or >1.4, and the previous endovascular therapy and/or surgical treatment for peripheral artery disease. Patients were divided according to age 30–59 years (n = 580), 60–69 years (n = 730), 70–79 years (n = 862), and ≥80 years (n = 330). The cumulative incidence of MACE through 5 year was significantly higher in the high baPWV group (>1644 cm/s) than in the low baPWV group (≤1644 cm/s; 8.7 vs. 4.6%; log-rank: p < 0.001). However, among the age groups, only the 30–59-year group showed a significant difference in MACE incidence between those with high and low baPWV (7.0 vs. 0.9%; log-rank: p = 0.001). In conclusion, the baPWV could serve as a useful marker to predict cardiovascular events, particularly among younger patients.
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The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
The study is registered at the clinical trials registration http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index/htm/ (UMIN000020276).
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Ueki, Y., Miura, T., Minamisawa, M. et al. The usefulness of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in predicting long-term cardiovascular events in younger patients. Heart Vessels 32, 660–667 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00380-016-0919-6