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Churg–Strauss syndrome presenting with massive pericardial effusion

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We describe a case of Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) presenting with a massive pericardial effusion without overt myocardial dysfunction. A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of exertional dyspnea and fever. Initial chest multidetector-row computed tomography showed a massive pericardial effusion. The presence of eosinophilia, infiltrates of both lungs, pathological evidence of necrotizing vasculitis associated with eosinophilic infiltration, and history of asthma fulfilled the criteria of CSS. Massive pericardial effusion can be the first manifestation of cardiac involvement in CSS.

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Correspondence to Shinro Matsuo.

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Matsuo, S., Sato, Y., Matsumoto, T. et al. Churg–Strauss syndrome presenting with massive pericardial effusion. Heart Vessels 22, 128–130 (2007).

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