First Rocketsonde Launched from an Unmanned Semi-submersible Vehicle


The unmanned semi-submersible vehicle (USSV) developed by the unmanned surface vehicle team of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics is an unmanned, rugged, and high-endurance autonomous navigation vessel designed for the collection of long-term, continuous and real-time marine meteorological measurements, including atmospheric sounding in the lower troposphere. A series of river and sea trials were conducted from May 2016 to November 2017, and the first rocketsonde was launched from the USSV. Real-time meteorological parameters in the marine atmospheric boundary layer (MABL) were obtained, including sea surface temperature, and vertical profiles of the pressure, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and wind direction. These data are extremely useful and important for research on air–sea interactions, sea surface heat and latent heat flux estimations, MABL modeling, and marine satellite product validation.

摘 要

中国科学院大气物理研究所无人船团队研制了一款自动驾驶的半潜式无人船, 能够自动化, 长航时, 远距离并在复杂海况条件下工作, 能够开展连续, 实时的海上气象观测, 以及海洋大气层边界层的气象探空观测. 2016 年 5 月至2017年 11 月该型半潜式无人船进行了一系列河试和海试, 并首次在无人船上发射了探空火箭; 获得了实时的海上气象观测数据, 海表温度和海上边界层内的温度, 湿度, 气压以及风速和风向垂直廓线. 这些海洋气象观测数据可以促进海-气相互作用, 海气界面感热和潜热通量的估算, 海洋边界层模拟和海洋卫星产品验证等的研究.


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This work is supported by the Research Equipment Development Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41627808). The authors would like to acknowledge all the USSV team members for their tremendous efforts regarding the USSV-based meteorological observation system.

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Correspondence to Hongbin Chen.

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Article Highlights

• The unmanned semi-submersible vehicle (USSV) is a long-term, unmanned, rugged, and high-endurance autonomous navigation vessel.

• A series of sea trials were conducted and the first rocketsonde was launched from the USSV.

• Real-time marine meteorological parameters were obtained, which are important for research on marine meteorology.

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Chen, H., Li, J., Xuan, Y. et al. First Rocketsonde Launched from an Unmanned Semi-submersible Vehicle. Adv. Atmos. Sci. 36, 339–345 (2019).

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Key words

  • unmanned semi-submersible vehicle
  • rocketsonde
  • marine meteorological observation
  • marine atmospheric boundary layer


  • 半潜式无人船
  • 火箭探空
  • 海洋气象观测
  • 海洋边界层