Advertisement

Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 35, Issue 8, pp 899–904 | Cite as

Collating Historic Weather Observations for the East Asian Region: Challenges, Solutions, and Reanalyses

  • Fiona Williamson
  • Rob Allan
  • Guoyu Ren
  • Tsz-cheung Lee
  • Wing-hong Lui
  • Hisayuki Kubota
  • Jun Matsumoto
  • Jürg Luterbacher
  • Clive Wilkinson
  • Kevin Wood
News & Views

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the ongoing support of CSSP China under the BEIS UK–China Research & Innovation Partnership Fund through the Met Office Climate Science for Service Partnership (CSSP) China as part of the Newton Fund. Prof. Rob ALLAN is also supported by funding from the EU Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) and acknowledges the University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia, and the Centre for Maritime Historical Studies, University of Exeter, UK, where he is an Adjunct and Honorary Professor, respectively. The authors also wish to thank Mr. Chi-ming SHUN, Director of the HKO, for his valuable comments on the manuscript.

References

  1. Anderson, K., 2005: Predicting the Weather: Victorians and the Science of Meteorology. University of Chicago Press, 376 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bengtsson, L., and Coauthors, 2007: The need for a dynamical climate reanalysis. Bull. Amer. Metor. Soc., 88(4), 495–501, https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-88-4-495. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bickers, R., 2016: Throwing light on natural laws: Meteorology on the China coast, 1869-1912. Treaty Ports in Modern China: Law, Land and Power, R. Bickers and I. Jackson, Eds., Taylor & Francis Group, 179–200.Google Scholar
  4. Camuffo, D., C. Bertolin, P. D. Jones, R. Cornes, and E. Garnier, 2010: The earliest daily barometric pressure readings in Italy: Pisa AD 1657–1658 and Modena AD 1694, and the weather over Europe. The Holocene, 20, 337–349, https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683609351900. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Compo, G. P., and Coauthors, 2011: The twentieth century reanalysis project. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 1–28, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.776. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Doberck, W., 1883: Instructions for Making Meteorological Observations Prepared for Use in China. Hong Kong Observatory.Google Scholar
  7. Friedman, R. M., 1993: Appropriating the Weather: Vilhelm Bjerknes and the Construction of a Modern Meteorology. Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Hirano, J. and J. Matsumoto, 2010: Long-term variations in seasonal march of precipitation in China. Abstracts of the Meteorological Society of Japan 2010 Fall Meeting, 98: 475, October, Kyoto. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  9. Ho, P. Y., 2003: Weathering the Storm: Hong Kong Observatory and Social Development. Hong Kong University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Jeffries C. W., 1932: “Weather Observations from Ships”—An Appendix to Hong Kong Observations, 1931. Royal Observatory.Google Scholar
  11. Kubota, H., Y. Kosaka, and S.-P. Xie, 2016: A 117-year long index of the Pacific-Japan pattern with application to interdecadal variability. International Journal of Climatology, 36, 1575–1589, https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.4441. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lee, T. C., 2016: Metadata of surface meteorological observations at the Hong Kong observatory headquarters 1884–2015. Technical Note No.108, Hong Kong Observatory, https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3529.3203. Google Scholar
  13. Louie, K. S., and K. B. Liu, 2003: Earliest historical records of typhoons in China. Journal of Historical Geography, 29, 299–316, https://doi.org/10.1006/jhge.2002.0453. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. MacKeown, P. K., 2011: Early China Coast Meteorology: the Role of Hong Kong. Hong Kong University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Matsumoto, J., I. Akasaka, H. Kubota, N. Endo, H. G. Takahashi, J. Hirano and M. Zaiki, 2010: Climatic data rescue in Asia and longterm monsoon variability. Proceedings of the General Meeting of the Association of Japanese Geographers 2010 Fall Meeting, 78: 63, Geographic Society of Japan, October, Nagoya. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  16. Tsukahara, T., 2013: 19th century Chinese coastal meteorology: Climate reconstruction based on historical record in English newspapers. The Historical Geography, 55, 69–81. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  17. Veale, L., and Coauthors, 2017: Dealing with the deluge of historical weather data: The example of the TEMPEST database. Geo: Geography and Environment, 4, e00039, https://doi.org/10.1002/geo2.39. Google Scholar
  18. Williamson, F., G. Y. Ren, and R. Allan, 2017: The atmospheric circulation reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) initiative ACRE China workshop: Recovery, digitization, and analysis of pre-mid-twentieth century climate observational data in East Asia workshop on 23–24 August, Beijing, China. Earth and Space Science, 4, 40–43, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016EA000215. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. WMO/IOC/JCOMM, 2016: First workshop of the WMO-IOC centre for marine meteorological and oceanographic climate data (CMOC) in Tianjin, China (CMOC/China). Tianjin, China 29 August–1 September 2016, JCOMM Meeting Report No. 130.Google Scholar
  20. Xu, W. H., and Coauthors, 2017: A new integrated and homogenized global monthly land surface air temperature dataset for the period since 1900. Climate Dyn., https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3755-1. Google Scholar
  21. Yamamoto, H., 2014: Meteorological Observation Network of Imperial Japan 1: Manchuria and Kwantung. Agriculture and Forestry Statistics Publishing Inc. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  22. Yang, S., W. H. Xu, Y. Xu, and Q. X. Li, 2016: Development of a global historic monthly mean precipitation dataset. J. Meteor. Res., 30(2), 217–231, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13351-016-5112-4. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Zaiki, M., P. Jones, and T. Tsukahara, 2008: The nineteenth century 1841–1883 temperature records in Beijing, China. Geographical Reports of Tokyo Metropolitan University, 32, 69–76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese National Committee for International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fiona Williamson
    • 1
  • Rob Allan
    • 2
  • Guoyu Ren
    • 3
    • 10
  • Tsz-cheung Lee
    • 4
  • Wing-hong Lui
    • 4
  • Hisayuki Kubota
    • 5
  • Jun Matsumoto
    • 6
  • Jürg Luterbacher
    • 7
  • Clive Wilkinson
    • 8
  • Kevin Wood
    • 9
  1. 1.Asia Research InstituteNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth, Climate Monitoring and Attribution GroupMet Office Hadley CentreExeterUK
  3. 3.National Climate CenterChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  4. 4.Hong Kong ObservatoryHong KongChina
  5. 5.Department of Earth and Planetary SciencesHokkaido UniversityHokkaidoJapan
  6. 6.Tokyo Metropolitan UniversityTokyoJapan
  7. 7.Department of GeographyJustus Liebig University of GiessenGiessenGermany
  8. 8.Climatic Research UnitUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  9. 9.Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and OceanUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  10. 10.China University of GeosciencesWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations