Skip to main content

Link between the Barents Oscillation and recent boreal winter cooling over the Asian midlatitudes

Abstract

The link between boreal winter cooling over the midlatitudes of Asia and the Barents Oscillation (BO) since the late 1980s is discussed in this study, based on five datasets. Results indicate that there is a large-scale boreal winter cooling during 1990–2015 over the Asian midlatitudes, and that it is a part of the decadal oscillations of long-term surface air temperature (SAT) anomalies. The SAT anomalies over the Asian midlatitudes are significantly correlated with the BO in boreal winter. When the BO is in its positive phase, anomalously high sea level pressure over the Barents region, with a clockwise wind anomaly, causes cold air from the high latitudes to move over the midlatitudes of Asia, resulting in anomalous cold conditions in that region. Therefore, the recent increasing trend of the BO has contributed to recent winter cooling over the Asian midlatitudes.

摘要

本文基于5种数据集, 分析研究了20世纪80年代末以来欧亚大陆中纬度地区冬季变冷与巴伦支震荡的关系. 分析结果显示, 1990–2015年间欧亚大陆中纬度地区的冬季表层气温存在大范围的变冷趋势, 这种变冷趋势属于该地区表层气温年代际震荡的一部分, 进一步研究表明该地区冬季表层气温异常与巴伦支震荡存在显著的相关关系, 当巴伦支震荡处于正位相时, 在巴伦支地区高压异常, 存在顺时针方向的风场异常, 异常风场会给欧亚大陆中纬度地区带来异常的冷空气, 使该地区降温. 近期巴伦支震荡存在增强的趋势, 这会导致欧亚大陆中纬度地区的冬季变冷.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Berrisford, P., and Coauthors, 2011: The ERA-interim archive, version 2.0. ERA Report Series, ECMWF, 23 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chen, H. W., Q. Zhang, H. Körnich, and D. Chen, 2013: A robust mode of climate variability in the arctic: The Barents oscillation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(11), 2856–2861, https://doi.org/10.1002/grl.50551.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cohen, J. L., J. C. Furtado, M. A. Barlow, V. A. Alexeev, and J. E. Cherry, 2012: Arctic warming, increasing snow cover and widespread boreal winter cooling. Environmental Research Letters, 7, 014007, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/7/1/014007.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Comiso, J. C., C. L. Parkinson, R. Gersten, and L. Stock, 2008: Accelerated decline in the Arctic sea ice cover. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL031972.

    Google Scholar 

  • Compo, G. P., and Coauthors, 2011: The twentieth century reanalysis project. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 1–28, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.776.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dee, D. P., and Coauthors, 2011: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 137, 553–597, https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.828.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Honda, M., J. Inoue, and S. Yamane, 2009: Influence of low Arctic sea-ice minima on anomalously cold Eurasian winters. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, https://doi.org/10.1029/2008GL037079.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kalnay, E., and Coauthors, 1996: The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 77, 437–471, https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<0437:TNYRP>2.0.CO;2.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kryzhov, V. N., and O. V. Gorelits, 2015: The Arctic Oscillation and its impact on temperature and precipitation in Northern Eurasia in the 20th Century. Russian Meteorology and Hydrology, 40, 711–721, https://doi.org/10.3103/S1068373915110011.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Morice, C. P., J. J. Kennedy, N. A. Rayner, and P. D. Jones, 2012: Quantifying uncertainties in global and regional temperature change using an ensemble of observational estimates: The HadCRUT4 data set. J. Geophys. Res., 117, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD017187.

    Google Scholar 

  • Outten, S. D., and I. Esau, 2012: A link between Arctic sea ice and recent cooling trends over Eurasia. Climatic Change, 110, 1069–1075, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0334-z.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Outten, S., R. Davy, and I. Esau, 2013: Eurasian winter cooling: Intercomparison of reanalyses and CMIP5 Data Sets. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 6, 324–331, https://doi.org/10.3878/j.issn.1674-2834.12.0112.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Overland, J. E., and M. Y. Wang, 2010: Large-scale atmospheric circulation changes are associated with the recent loss of Arctic sea ice. Tellus A, 62, 1–9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.2009.00421.x.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Petoukhov, V., and V. A. Semenov, 2010: A link between reduced Barents-Kara sea ice and cold winter extremes over northern continents. J. Geophys. Res., 115, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JD013568.

    Google Scholar 

  • Poli, P., and Coauthors, 2013: The data assimilation system and initial performance evaluation of the ECMWF pilot reanalysis of the 20th-century assimilating surface observations only (ERA-20C). ERA Report Series, 59 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Skeie, P., 2000: Meridional flow variability over the Nordic Seas in the Arctic oscillation framework. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(16), 2569–2572, https://doi.org/10.1029/2000GL011529.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thompson, D. W. J., and J. M. Wallace, 1998: The Arctic oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1297–1300, https://doi.org/10.1029/98GL00950.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wu, B. Y., D. Handorf, K. Dethloff, A. Rinke, and A. X. Hu, 2013: Winter weather patterns over Northern Eurasia and Arctic sea ice loss. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 3786–3800, https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00046.1.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The HadCRUT4 data are from http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadcrut4/; the NCEP–NCAR Reanalysis and 20CR data are available from http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/; and the ERA-Interim and ERA-20C data are from http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/. The authors are thankful to these data providers. This work is supported by the Project of Comprehensive Evaluation of Polar Areas on Global and Regional Climate Changes (Grant No. CHINARE04-04), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41406027), and the NSFCShandong Joint Fund for Marine Science Research Centers (Grant No. U1406404).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Qi Shu.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shu, Q., Qiao, F., Song, Z. et al. Link between the Barents Oscillation and recent boreal winter cooling over the Asian midlatitudes. Adv. Atmos. Sci. 35, 127–132 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-017-7021-6

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-017-7021-6

Key words

  • climate change
  • Barents Oscillation
  • winter cooling

关键词

  • 气候变化
  • 巴伦支震荡
  • 冬季变冷