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Relationship between Indian and East Asian summer rainfall variations

Abstract

The Indian and East Asian summer monsoons are two components of the whole Asian summer monsoon system. Previous studies have indicated in-phase and out-of-phase variations between Indian and East Asian summer rainfall. The present study reviews the current understanding of the connection between Indian and East Asian summer rainfall. The review covers the relationship of northern China, southern Japan, and South Korean summer rainfall with Indian summer rainfall; the atmospheric circulation anomalies connecting Indian and East Asian summer rainfall variations; the long-term change in the connection between Indian and northern China rainfall and the plausible reasons for the change; and the influence of ENSO on the relationship between Indian and East Asian summer rainfall and its change. While much progress has been made about the relationship between Indian and East Asian summer rainfall variations, there are several remaining issues that need investigation. These include the processes involved in the connection between Indian and East Asian summer rainfall, the non-stationarity of the connection and the plausible reasons, the influences of ENSO on the relationship, the performance of climate models in simulating the relationship between Indian and East Asian summer rainfall, and the relationship between Indian and East Asian rainfall intraseasonal fluctuations.

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Acknowledgments

This paper was written following an invitation from Riyu LU (Editor, AAS). This study was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2014CB953902), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0600603), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41475081, 41275081 and 41530425).

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Correspondence to Renguang Wu.

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Wu, R. Relationship between Indian and East Asian summer rainfall variations. Adv. Atmos. Sci. 34, 4–15 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-016-6216-6

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Keywords

  • Indian summer rainfall
  • East Asian summer rainfall
  • atmospheric circulation
  • long-term change
  • ENSO