One of the key issues in international climate negotiations is the formulation of targets for emissions reduction for all countries based on the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities”. This formulation depends primarily on the quantitative attribution of the responsibilities of developed and developing countries for historical climate change. Using the Commuity Earth System Model (CESM), we estimate the responsibilities of developed countries and developing countries for climatic change from 1850 to 2005 using their carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide emissions. The results indicate that developed countries contribute approximately 53%–61%, and developing countries approximately 39%–47%, to the increase in global air temperature, upper oceanic warming, sea-ice reduction in the NH, and permafrost degradation. In addition, the spatial heterogeneity of these changes from 1850 to 2005 is primarily attributed to the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in developed countries. Although uncertainties remain in the climate model and the external forcings used, GHG emissions in developed countries are the major contributor to the observed climate system changes in the 20th century.
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Wei, T., Dong, W., Yan, Q. et al. Developed and developing world contributions to climate system change based on carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Adv. Atmos. Sci. 33, 632–643 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-015-5141-4
- greenhouse gases
- earth system model
- climate change
- climate modeling