Mineralization of organic sulfur and its importance as a reservoir of plant-available sulfur in upland soils of north China
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An open incubation technique was used to measure S mineralization in a range of upland soils of north China. Six mineralization patterns were examined, and a soil S-exhaustion experiment with ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) was conducted to investigate the availability of various organic S pools to plants. For all of the 12 soils tested, the release of S as SO42– was curvilinear with time, and during a 28-week incubation at 30 °C the amount of S mineralized ranged from 14.0 mg S kg–1 soil to 37.4 mg S kg–1 soil. A first-order model and Gompertz model appeared to best describe S mineralization. Examination of the soils after incubation revealed the bulk of the mineralized S was mainly derived from the C-bonded S pool, while the majority of mineralized S under soil S exhaustion by ryegrass was derived from the HI-reducible S pool.
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