Biochar amendment changes temperature sensitivity of soil respiration and composition of microbial communities 3 years after incorporation in an organic carbon-poor dry cropland soil

  • Junhui Chen
  • Xuan Sun
  • Jufeng Zheng
  • Xuhui Zhang
  • Xiaoyu Liu
  • Rongjun Bian
  • Lianqing Li
  • Kun Cheng
  • Jinwei Zheng
  • Genxing Pan
Original Paper

Abstract

Topsoil samples were collected from plots in a dry cropland in the North China Plain 3 years after a single incorporation of biochar at 20 and 40 t ha−1 and analyzed for abundances and composition of microbial community and for respiration under controlled laboratory conditions at 15, 20, and 25 °C. The addition of biochar generally reduced soil respirations at the three temperatures and the temperature sensitivity (Q10) at 15–20 °C. Biochar amendment significantly increased bacterial 16S rRNA gene abundances and fungal ITS gene diversity and induced clear changes in their community compositions due to improvements in soil chemical properties such as soil organic C (SOC) and available N contents and pH. Illumina Miseq sequencing showed that the relative abundances of Actinobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Alternaria within Ascomycota, capable of decomposing SOC, were significantly decreased under biochar at 40 t ha−1. The Q10 values at 15–20 °C were significantly correlated with fungal diversity and dehydrogenase activity. Our results suggest that after 3 years a single biochar amendment could induce a shift in microbial community composition and functioning towards a slower organic C turnover and stability to warming, which may potentially reduce soil C loss in dryland under climate warming in the future.

Keywords

Biochar Soil organic carbon decomposition Temperature sensitivity Pyrosequencing 

Supplementary material

374_2017_1253_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 15 kb)

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Resource, Ecosystem and Environment of AgricultureNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Carbon Cycling in Forest Ecosystems and Carbon Sequestration, School of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang A & F UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Solid Organic Waste Resource UtilizationNanjingChina

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