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Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp 327–338 | Cite as

Native soil organic matter as a decisive factor to determine the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community structure in contaminated soils

  • María del Mar Montiel-Rozas
  • Álvaro López-García
  • Paula Madejón
  • Engracia Madejón
Original Paper

Abstract

The present study of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi is focused on the identification of AM ecotypes associated with different plants species (Poa annua, Medicago polymorpha, and Malva sylvestris) growing in three contaminated soils with different organic matter, phosphorus, and trace element (TE; Cu, Cd, Mn, and Zn) contents. Soils were amended with biosolid and alperujo compost. Shifts in AM fungal community structure, diversity, richness, root colonization, and plant TE uptake were evaluated. Soil properties and plant species had a significant effect on AM fungal community composition as well as on root colonization. However, AM fungal diversity and richness were only affected by soil properties and especially by soil organic matter that was a major driver of AM fungal community. As soil quality increased, Glomeraceae decreased in favor of Claroideoglomeraceae in the community, AM fungal diversity and richness increased, and root colonization decreased. No effect due to amendment (exogenous organic matter) addition was found either in AM fungal parameters measured or TE plant uptake. Our results revealed that the role of TE contamination was secondary for the fungal community behavior, being the native organic matter content the most significant factor.

Keywords

Organic amendment Soil quality Rhizophagus irregularis Rhizosphere Heavy metals 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was made possible by the AGL2014-55717-R project supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness the and FEDER (EU). MMar Montiel-Rozas acknowledges support from the MINECO (FPI grant, BES-2012-05339). P. Madejón and E. Madejón are members of the “Unidad Asociada al CSIC de Uso sostenible del suelo y el agua en la agricultura (US-IRNAS).”

Supplementary material

374_2017_1181_MOESM1_ESM.docx (299 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 298 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • María del Mar Montiel-Rozas
    • 1
  • Álvaro López-García
    • 2
  • Paula Madejón
    • 1
  • Engracia Madejón
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla (IRNAS-CSIC)SevillaSpain
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen ØDenmark

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